Equine Law Matter - Closed - Get Information, Read Court Documents

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. JOSHUA CARDINE, a/k/a/ “Josh”, and, KENNETH BERLIN, a/k/a “Keg”, Defendants.

U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Virginia


Criminal No. 3:03 CR 00424-001


Being new to horses, I didn’t feel comfortable with the horse world’s sales methods. I was told, “It’s always done this way.” When my daughter’s show pony was sold, not only did the horse trainers not tell me, they also kept the sale price of almost $20,000.

Debbie Hanson


View Indictment

Joshua Cardine Judgment in Criminal Case

Kenneth ‘Keg’ Berlin Judgment in Criminal Case



Excerpt from US Attorney General

“Second, the prohibition on employment in the equestrian industry was reasonably necessary to protect the public. Cardine engaged in a long-term, extensive fraud scheme in the equestrian industry. In carrying out the scheme, Cardine stole horses from their owners and sold them without the owners’ knowledge. In other cases, in full breach of the horse owners’ trust, Cardine sold their horses at the request but reported the sales price as substantially lower than the actual sales price so that he could fraudulently keep more of the sales proceeds. Cardine also seriously abused and mistreated horses, causing severe injury or death to the animals. Finally, Cardine endangered young children riders by selling horses he knew were not only not suitable but exceptionally dangerous to the young riders, falsely assuring the parents that the horses were sufficiently gentle for young riders. The children also suffered psychological impact in the disillusionment resulting from learning their trainer was a thief. In addition, the district court had the benefit of the opinions of a large number of persons engaged in the industry concerning the appropriateness of Cardine’s continuing in the industry, who stated in strong terms that Cardine should be prohibited from horse-related employment. Thus, the record amply established that Cardine should not continue in the equestrian industry.”

USEF Ruling Banning Joshua Cardine & Kenneth Berlin



USA, Appellee, v. JOSHUA CARDINE, Appellant.




Richmond Division



Criminal Action Number 3:03CR424-01


This matter is before the Court on the Petition on Supervised Release and on the government’s motion to modify the conditions of supervised release. Base on the record in this matter, including the Presentence Report, the proffers made by counsel during the hearing held on January 6, 2006, the letters presented as evidence by the government, and the letters presented as evidence by the defendant, the Court GRANTS the government’s motion to modify the conditions of supervised release. The Court finds that the following additional condition of supervised release is necessary to protect the public, and further finds that a partial prohibition would not provide adequate protection. Accordingly, the Court MODIFIES the Judgement in a Criminal Case dated June 24, 2004, by adding this additional condition of supervised release:


The defendant is prohibited from any employment – self-employment or employment through a legitimate employer – in the equestrian/horse industry. This includes but is not limited to the buying and selling of horses, the breeding of horses, acting as an agent during the sale of horses, acting as a horse trainer, or acting as an instructor for riding lessons to any individual.


It is so ORDERED.


Let the Clerk send a copy of this Order to all counsel of record and U.S. Probation.


Richard L. Williams



View Order


USEF Considers Reinstatement for Criminal Horse Trainers