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SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, against WG TRADING INVESTORS, L.P., WG TRADING COMPANY, LP, and ROBIN GREENWOOD and JANET WALSH.

No. 09-CV-01750

COMPLAINT

 

Plaintiff Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”), for its Complaint against
defendants WG Trading Investors, L.P. (“WGTI”), WG Trading Company, Limited Partnership
(“WGTC”), Westridge Capital Management, Inc. (“Westridge”), Paul Greenwood
(“Greenwood”) and Stephen Walsh (“Walsh”) (collectively, the “Defendants”), and against relief
defendants Robin Greenwood (“R. Greenwood”) and Janet Walsh (“J. Walsh”) (collectively, the
“Relief Defendants”), alleges as follows:

 

SUMMARY

 

1. The Commission brings this emergency enforcement action to ·halt ongoing
securities fraud involving the misappropriation of hundreds of millions of dollars of investor
assets by Greenwood and Walsh through their affiliated entities Westridge (a registered
investment adviser), WGTC (a registered broker dealer) and WGTI (an unregistered investment
vehicle). From at least 1996 to the present, Greenwood and Walsh have used their affiliated
entities to engage in an egregious investment fraud. Greenwood and Walsh have used client
money invested in WGTI as their personal piggy-bank to furnish lavish and luxurious lifestyles,
which include the purchase of multi-million dollar homes, a horse farm, cars, horses, and rare
collectibles such as Steiff teddy bears.
2. Since at least 1996, the Defendants have solicited a number of institutional
investors, including several educational institutions and public pension and retirement plans, by
promising to invest their money in an “enhanced equity index” strategy that involves purchasing
and selling equity index futures and engaging in equity index arbitrage trading. However,
instead of investing the money as promised, Greenwood and Walsh have simply misappropriated
investor funds for their own personal use. Of the $667 million Westridge clients have invested
in WGTI, Greenwood and Walsh have misappropriated as much as $554 million, and have

provided some of the investors’ money to their spouse and ex-spouse, respectively, Relief
Defendants R. Greenwood and J. Walsh.
3. This fraud is ongoing. As recently as February 6, 2009, Defendants obtained a
$21 million investment from an existing client, a large state educational institution. This investor
has not been able to ascertain the safety and security of its new investment because the

Defendants have not responded to any of the investor’s numerous requests and inquires over the
last two weeks.
4. Based on the past and present misconduct of Greenwood and Walsh, as alleged
more fully below, there is a real possibility that Greenwood and Walsh will use their affiliated
entities to continue their long-standing practice of misappropriating and dissipating investor
assets that otherwise would be available to satisfy the Commission’s claims.

VIOLATIONS

5. By virtue of the conduct alleged herein:

a. The Defendants, directly or indirectly, singly or in concert, have
engaged and are engaging in acts, practices and courses of business, that
constitute violations of Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 (the
“Securities Act”), 15 U .S.C. § 77q(a);
b. The Defendants, directly or indirectly, singly or in concert, have
engaged and are engaging in acts, practices and courses of business that
constitute violations of Section lO(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of
1934 (the “Exchange Act”) [15 U.S.C. § 78j(b)] and Rule lOb-5
thereunder [17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5]; and
c. Defendants Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh directly or indirectly,

singly or in concert, have engaged and are engaging in acts, practices
and courses of business, that constitute violations of Sections 206(1),
206(2) and 206(4) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the
“Advisers Act”) [15 U.S.C. §§ 80b-6(i), 80b-6(2) and 80b-6(4)] and

Rule 206( 4 )-8 thereunder [ 17 C. F. R. § 27 5. 206( 4 )-8].

6. Unless the Defendants are preliminarily and permanently restrained and enjoined,
they will continue to engage in the acts, practices and courses ofbusiness set forth in this
Complaint and 1ri- acts, practices and courses of business of similar type and object.
NATURE OF THE PROCEEDINGS AND RELIEF SOUGHT
7. The Commission brings this action pursuant to the authority conferred upon it by
Section 20(b) ofthe Securities Act [15 U.S.C. § 77t(b)], Section 21(d)(1) ofthe Exchange Act
[15 U.S.C. § 78u(d)(l)] and Section 209 ofthe Advisers Act [15 U.S.C. § 80b-9], seeking to
restrain and enjoin permanently the Defendants from engaging in the acts, practices and courses
ofbusiness alleged herein.
8. The Commission also seeks, as immediate relief, a temporary restraining order
against the Defendants, asset freezes against the Defendants and certain assets of the Relief
Defendants, verified accountings from the Defendants and Relief Defendants, appointment of a
receiver, expedited discovery, an order prohibiting the Defendants and Relief Defendants from
destroying or altering documents, and an order enjoining the Defendants and any third party
from filing for bankruptcy on behalf of the Defendants without leave of this Court.
9. Finally, the Commission seeks a judgment ordering the Defendants and Relief
Defendants to disgorge ill-gotten gains with prejudgment interest thereon, and ordering the
Defendants to pay civil money penalties pursuant to Section 20( d) of the Securities Act [ 15
U.S.C. § 77t(d)] and Section 21(d)(3) ofthe Exchange Act [15 U.S.C. § 78u(d)(3)]. The
Commission also seeks a judgment ordering Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh to pay civil
money penalties pursuant to Section 209(e) of the Advisers Act [15 U.S.C. § 80b-9(e)].

JURISDICTION AND VENUE

 

10. This Court has jurisdiction over this action pursuant to Section 22( a) of the
Securities Act [15 U.S.C. § 77v(a)], Sections 21(e) and 27 ofthe Exchange Act [15 U.S.C. §§
78u(e) and 78aa], and Section 214 of the Advisers Act [15 U.S.C. § 80b-14].
11. Venue is proper in the Southern District of New York pursuant to 28 U.S. C. §
1391. The Defendants, directly and indirectly, have made use of the means and instrumentalities
of interstate commerce, or of the mails, in connection with the transactions, acts, practices and
courses of business alleged herein. A substantial part of the events giving rise to the
Commission’s claims occurred in this judicial district and at least one of the Defendants resides
in the district. In particular, WGTC is a member firm of the New York Stock Exchange
(“NYSE”), which is located in this district; WGTI maintained an account with a financial
institution headquartered in this district; and Greenwood resides in North Salem, New York,
which is located in this district.

DEFENDANTS

12. WGTI is a Delaware limited partnership with its principal office located in
Greenwich, Connecticut. The general partners are Greenwood and Walsh. WGTI is an investor

and limited partner in WGTC. WGTI has no independent business operations or activities, but
merely serves as an investment vehicle for Greenwood and Walsh. WGTI has been described as
a “pass-through” investment vehicle for certain investors and clients ofWestridge, including the
WCMFund.

13. WGTC is a Delaware limited partnership and a registered broker dealer with its
principal office in Greenwich, Connecticut, and other offices in Jersey City, New Jersey and

North Hills, New York. The general partners ofWGTC are Greenwood and Walsh. Investors in
WGTC are granted limited partnership interests in WGTC. Investor clients ofWestridge
invested in WGTC via WGTI in one of two ways: (i) by investing with WGTI directly or (ii) by
investing in the WCM Fund, which invested directly with WGTI. Under either investment route,
the Defendants represented that WGTI would invest the money with WGTC for investment in
the index arbitrage strategy.
14. Westridge, a Delaware corporation located in Santa Barbara, California, is an
investment adviser registered with the Commission. It is owned by Greenwood, Walsh and one
other individual who also serves as its Director and Chief Compliance Officer. Greenwood and
Walsh are control persons ofWestridge. Westridge provides investment advisory services to the
WCM Fund and maintains separately managed accounts for other clients who wish to invest in
the Defendants’ “enhanced index” strategy.
15. Greenwood, age 61, resides in North Salem, New York. He is the co-general
partner, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of WGTC, a registered broker
dealer. Greenwood is also a minority owner and control person of Westridge. Greenwood is a
co-general partner, along with Walsh, of WGTI. Greenwood holds Series 3 and 63 licenses.
16. Walsh, age 64, resides in Sands Point, New York. He is the co-general partner,
Chief Executive Officer and the senior registered options principal ofWGTC, a registered broker
dealer. Walsh is also a minority owner and control person of Westridge. Walsh also is a cogeneral

partner, along with Greenwood, ofWGTI. Walsh holds Series 3, 4 and 40 licenses.

RELIEF DEFENDANT

17. J. Walsh, age 53, resides in Longboat Key, Florida. She is the ex-wife of Walsh.

Walsh caused certain investor funds to be transferred from WGTI’s account to an account ·
controlled by J. Walsh.
18. R. Greenwood, age 57, resides in North Salem, New York. She is the wife of
Greenwood. Greenwood caused certain investor funds to be transferred from WGTI’s account to
an account controlled by R. Greenwood.

RELATED ENTITIES

19. WCM Fund is a listed commodity pool and investment fund organized under the
laws of the British Virgin Islands with a registered address at Todman Building, Main Street,
P.O. Box 3140, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands. WCM Fund has approximately 16
investors, which include university foundations and retirement and pension plans.
20. National Futures Association (“NFA”) is an industry-wide, self-regulatory
organization for the U.S. futures industry.

FACTS

The Represented Investment Strategy and Flow of Funds
21. The Defendants market an “enhanced equity index management” investment
strategy that consists of two components. The first is exposure to a stock index, such as the S&P
500, through futures trading. Westridge manages this aspect of the trading strategy and

purchases long positions in equity index futures that provided exposure to the entire index.
Westridge requires that 5% of an investor’s assets be apportioned to this strategy. Because the
account is highly leveraged, this 5% collateralizes twenty times as much exposure to the chosen
futures index. W estridge further requires 10% of the investor’s assets to be retained for margin
management purposes associated with the futures position. The second component of the

strategy is “enhanced cash management” through an index arbitrage strategy. Pursuant to this
strategy, S&P 500 or other futures are sold short and the underlying equities in the index are
purchased long in an arbitrage transaction that locks in a stated rate of interest for a stated period
of time. Depending on market conditions, the reverse strategy may be executed; that is, selling
the underlying equities short and purchasing the futures long. The 85% of investors’ assets that
is dedicated to the arbitrage strategy is supposed to be invested with WGTC where its traders
execute the strategy.
22. Westridge offered investors two ways to invest in the enhanced cash management
index arbitrage strategy at WGTC: (i) through the WCM Fund or (ii) through a separate account
managed by Westridge pursuant to an investment management agreement between Westridge
and the investor. There are approximately 16 investors in the WCM Fund and there are
approximately 10 investors who have separately managed accounts that invest directly with
WGTI.
23. Regardless of whether the Westridge client invests directly through a separately
managed account or indirectly through WCM Fund, the 85% designated for the index arbitrage
strategy is invested, in the first instance, with WGTI. The investor, either the WCM Fund or the
client with a separately managed account, receives a promissory note from WGTI reflecting the
principal investment. These notes are generally signed by Greenwood on behalf ofWGTI.
24. The WGTI promissory notes from 1998 and 1999 to certain Westridge clients
clearly state that WGTI will send the investors’ money to WGTC for use in the index arbitrage
trading strategy. The notes state: “The Borrower [WGTI] shall invest each borrowing of
Original Principal in a limited partnership interest in WG Trading Company Limited Partnership

…. ” It appears that some of these promissory notes were re-written sometime after 2002 to
make reference to the payment of interest on the principal investment at a rate equal to a
“hypothetical” investment in WGTC.
25. Even though Greenwood and Walsh appear to have altered the language of the
promissory notes somewhat to make reference to a “hypothetical” return, they continued to tell
investors in meetings and in marketing materials that the 85% portion of the investors’ assets
designated for the stock index arbitrage strategy would “pass through” WGTI and be invested in
WGTC.
26. Among the many false representations Defendants made to investors and potential
investors are those found in Defendants’ marketing and promotional materials, including the
following:

a. “The remaining [85%] of cash available is allocated to the Equity Index
Arbitrage, in order to generate the enhancement”;
b. “Remaining 85% invested in index arbitrage enhanced cash management”;
c. “As of June 30,2006, … 80% [of the funds] are managed by WG Trading
[Company] in an index arbitrage cash enhancement strategy”;
d. “There is no [market] timing as portfolios are fully invested … [c]ash per se is
fully invested at all times in either the Westridge liquidity pool supporting the
index exposure or the equity index arbitrage exposure”;
e. “[T]he 85% invested in the equity index arbitrage which [sic] is 100% fully
invested in stocks and futures”; and
f. “For every $100.00 invested in the strategy… $85.00 [is] [i]nvested in the
cash enhancement strategy (Equity Index Arbitrage).”

27. As alleged below, the Defendants’ many representations to investors and potential
investors, i.e., that 85% of investor assets would be “fully” invested in WGTC in the index

arbitrage trading strategy, were false and misleading.
28. Rather than “fully” investing the 85% of investor assets in WGTC for use in the
index arbitrage trading strategy, as represented, Walsh and Greenwood invested a mere fraction
of this money in WGTC and simply misappropriated the rest to pay for their lavish and luxurious
lifestyles.

NFA’s Audit of Greenwood, Walsh and Their Affiliates

29. On February 5, 2009, NFA began an audit of Greenwood, Walsh and their
affiliated entities. During the course ofthe audit, NFA discovered a $324 million promissory
note payable to the WCM Fund by WGTI.
30. NF A also reviewed WGTI’ s balance sheet, dated as of December 31, 2008, which
indicated that WGTI had a total of $667 million in investments from WCM Fund and 10
separately managed Westridge accounts. The investments were recorded as notes payable to
each ofthe investor~ and the notes reflected the current assets they had invested with WGTI for
use in the WGTC stock index arbitrage trading strategy.
31. WGTI’s balance sheet also showed that Greenwood and Walsh had caused WGTI
to invest only $94 million in WGTC for use in the stock arbitrage trading strategy. The $573
million difference between the investors’ total assets ($667 million) and the investment in
WGTC ($94 million) was reflected mostly in “notes payable” to WGTI from Greenwood and
Walsh, as well as some other investments and entities that Walsh and Greenwood appear to own
and control.
32. In Particular, NFA discovered $554 million in personal promissory notes that are
signed by Greenwood and Walsh. These personal promissory notes date as far back as 1996 and

state that they are payable to WGTI by Greenwood (in the amount of $293 million) and Walsh
(in the amount of $261 million).
33. After discovering the personal promissoiy notes, NFA immediately requested a
meeting with Greenwood and Walsh to locate and confirril the safety and security of the
investors’ $667 million in assets that WGTI was supposed to have invested with WGTC.
Greenwood and Walsh refused to meet with NFA and failed to cooperate with its audit.
Thereafter, on February 12, 2009, NFA took action to suspend Greenwood and Walsh from NFA
membership.

Greenwood and Walsh Misappropriated As Much as $554 Million
Of Investor Assets Over the Course of a Decade

34. Between 1996 and 2008, Greenwood and Walsh used the WGTI account as their
personal piggy-bank. In order to carry-out their fraudulent scheme, they had an employee at
WGTC (the “Employee”) routinely wire funds from the WGTI account to the personal accounts
of Greenwood, Walsh and Relief Defendants R. Greenwood (Greenwood’s wife) and J. Walsh
(Walsh’s ex-wife). Greenwood and Walsh also had the Employee make wire transfers from the
WGTI account to pay third-parties directly to cover Greenwood’s and Walsh’s personal
expenses. The money transferred from the WGTI account, which constituted the investors’
money, was used by Greenwood and Walsh to furnish their extravagant and luxurious life-styles,
which included the purchase of multi-million dollars homes, a horse farm, cars, horses and
expensive collectible items.
35. Each year, the Employee prepared the so-called “promissory notes” for
Greenwood and Walsh to sign. Greenwood and Walsh generally balked at signing the notes, but
eventually did so after the Employee insisted that they sign them. The Employee insisted on the

notes in order to keep a record of the hundreds of millions of dollars that Greenwood and Walsh
were taking from the WGTI account. Greenwood and Walsh typically signed the notes in March
or later in the year.
36. In total, Greenwood and Walsh signed promissory notes in which they
“promised” to repay WGTI $554 million. Greenwood’s notes totaled $293 million and Walsh’s
notes totaled $261 million. All of the notes were signed and dated January or March for the
years 1996 and 1998 through 2008. The notes purported to reflect the “general partner’s share of·
losses, withdrawals and payments” during the previous year. The notes do not reflect that any
interest is payable on the principal, nor do they bear any terms and conditions one would expect
to find in a bona fide promissory note.

Money Transfers to the Relief Defendants

37. During the course of their fraudulent scheme, Greenwood and Walsh also
instructed the Employee to transfer investor money from the WGTI account to Relief Defendants
R. Greenwood and J. Walsh.
38. From June 20, 2007 to December 15, 2008, Greenwood caused the Employee to
make at least 19 wire transfers totaling at least $47,500 from the WGTI account to an account
owned by his wife, R. Greenwood.
39. From July 6, 2007 to January 9, 2009, Walsh caused the Employee to make at
least 4 wire transfers totaling at least $2 million from the WGTI account to an account owned by
his ex-wife, J. Walsh.
40. Accordingly, the Relief Defendants have directly received proceeds derived from
the Defendants misconduct, and these proceeds constitute ill-gotten gains that must be disgorged.

 

The Fraud is Ongoing

41. This fraud is ongoing. On January 21,2009, Greenwood met with representatives
of the University of Pittsburgh, a public educational institution, to solicit further investments
with the Defendants. As recently as February 6, 2009, the Defendants received a new $21
million investment from the University of Pittsburgh. The University of Pittsburgh has been an
advisory client of Westridge since 2002 and maintains a separately managed account with
Westridge that supposedly invested in the WGTC index arbitrage trading strategy though WGTI.
42. After learning about the NFA audit and membership bars against Greenwood and Walsh,
representatives of The University of Pittsburgh made repeated attempts to contact Greenwood
and Walsh to ascertain the safety of its investments. The University of Pittsburgh also made a
written demand on Defendants on February 16,2009 seeking the return ofthe new $21 million
investment. Greenwood and Walsh did not respond to the University of Pittsburgh’s redemption
request or to its inquiries about the investments. The University of Pittsburgh has not been able
to ascertain the safety and security of its investments with Defendants, which total approximately
$65 million,
43. On February 20, 2009, the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon
University, another educational institution that invested with Defendants, filed a civil action
against Defendants, and others, seeking the ret~rn of their investments. Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
et al. v. Westridge Capital Mgmt., Inc., et al., 2:09-cv-215 (W.D. Pa. Feb. 20, 2009). By Order
dated that same day, February 20, 2009, the Court granted, in part, certain emergency relief.
44. Based on the past and present misconduct of Greenwood and Walsh, there is a
strong possibility that Greenwood and Walsh will use their affiliated entities to continue their

long-standing practice of misappropriating and dissipating investor assets in WGTI that
otherwise would be available to satisfy the Commission’s claims.

FIRST CLAIM FOR RELIEF

Violations of Section 17( a) of the Securities Act
(All Defendants)

45. Paragraphs 1 through 44 are re-alleged and incorporated by reference as if fully
set forth herein.
46. From at least March 1, 1996 through the present, the Defendants, in the offer and
sale of securities, by the use of the means and instruments of transportation or communication in
interstate commerce or by the use of the mails, directly and indirectly, have employed and are
employing devices, schemes and artifices to defraud.
47. From at least March 1, 1996 through the present, the Defendants, in the offer and
sale of securities, by the use of the means and instruments of transportation or communication in
interstate commerce or by the use of the mails, directly and indirectly, have obtained and are
obtaining money and property by means of untrue statements of material fact or omissions to
state material facts necessary in order to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances
under which they were made, not misleading, and have engaged and are engaging in
transactions, practices or courses ofbusiness which operate as a fraud and deceit upon their
investors.
48. The Defendants knew or were reckless in not knowing that the representations set
forth herein were false and misleading.

49. By reason of the activities described herein, the Defendants have violated and are
violating Section 17(a) of the Securities Act [15 U.S.C. §77q(a)].

SECOND CLAIM FOR RELIEF

Violations of Section 1 O(b) of the Exchange Act
and Rule lOb-S
(All Defendants)

 

50. Paragraphs 1 through 49 are re-alleged and incorporated by reference as if fully
set forth herein.
51. From at least March 1, 1996 through the present, the Defendants, in connection
with the purchase and sale of securities, directly and indirectly, by the use of the means and
instrumentalities of interstate commerce or of the mails, have employed and are employing
devices, schemes and artifices to defraud; have made and are making untrue statements of
material fact and have omitted and are omitting to state material facts necessary in order to make
the statements made, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not
misleading; and have engaged and are engaging in acts, practices and courses ofbusiness which
operate as a fraud and deceit upon investors.
52. The Defendants knew or were reckless in not knowing that the representations set
forth herein were false and misleading.
53. By reason of the activities described herein, the Defendants have violated and are
violating Section lO(b) of the Exchange Act [15 U.S.C. § 78j(b)], and Rule lOb-5 [17 C.F.R. §
240.1 Ob-5], promulgated thereunder.

 

THIRD CLAIM FOR RELIEF
Violations of Sections 206(1), 206(2) and 206(4)
the Advisers Act and Rule 206(4)-8
Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh) 

 

54. Paragraphs 1 through 53 are re-alleged and incorporated by reference as if fully
set forth herein.
55. From at least March 1, 1996 through the present, Westridge, Greenwood and
Walsh, as investment advisers, directly and indirectly, by the use of the means and
instrumentalities of interstate commerce or ofthe mails, have employed and are employing
devices, schemes and artifices to defraud investors, and have engaged and are engaging in
transactions, practices and courses of business which operated as a fraud and deceit upon these
investors.
56. Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh knew or were reckless in not knowing that the
representations set forth herein were false and misleading.
57. By reason of the activities described herein, Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh
have violated and are violating Sections 206(1), 206(2) and 206(4) ofthe Advisers Act [15
U.S.C. §§ 80b-6(1), 80b-6(2) and 80b-6(4)], and Rule 206(4)-8 [17 C.P.R. § 275.206(4)-8],
promulgated thereunder.

FOURTH CLAIM FOR RELIEF
Aiding and Abetting Violations of Sections 206(1 ), 206(2) and 206( 4)
of the Advisers Act and Rule 206(4)-8
(Greenwood and Walsh)

58. Paragraphs 1 through 57 are re-alleged and incorporated by reference as if fully
set forth herein.
59. From at least March 1, 1996 through the present, Greenwood and Walsh, directly

and indirectly, singly or in concert, aided and abetted Westridge’s violations of Sections 206(1),
206(2), and 206(4) ofthe Advisers Act and Rule 206(4)-8. Specifically, Greenwood and Walsh
knowingly provided substantial assistance to Westridge in making the materially false and
misleading representations and omissions and misappropriations of investor assets alleged
herein.
60. The Defendants knew or were reckless in not knowing that the representations set
forth herein were false and misleading.
61. By reason of the activities described herein, Defendants Greenwood and Walsh
aided and abetted and are aiding and abetting Westridge’s violations of Sections 206(1), 206(2)
and 206(4) ofthe Advisers Act [15 U.S.C. §§ 80b-6(1), 80b-6(2) and 80-b6(4)] and Rule 206(4)-
8 [17 C.P.R. § 275.206(4)-8], promulgated thereunder.

PRAYER FOR RELIEF
WHEREFORE, the Commission respectfully requests that the Court grant the following
relief:
I.
An Order temporarily and preliminarily, and a Final Judgment permanently, restraining
and enjoining the Defendants, their agents, servants, employees and attorneys and all persons
in active concert or participation with them who receive actual notice of the injunction by
personal service or otherwise, and each of them, from future violations of Section 17(a) of the
Securities Act [15 U.S.C. §§ 77q(a)], Section lO(b) of the Exchange Act [15 U.S.C. § 78j(b)]
and Rule lOb-5 thereunder [17 C.F.R. §240.1 Ob-5].
II.
An Order temporarily and preliminarily, and a Final Judgment permanently, restraining
and enjoining Defendants Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh, their agents, servants, employees
and attorneys and all persons in active concert or participation with them who receive actual
notice of the injunction by personal service or otherwise, and each of them, from future
violations of Sections 206(1), 206(2) and 206(4) of the Advisers Act [15 U.S.C. §§ 80b-6(1),
80b-6(2) 80b-6(4)] and Rule 206(4)-8 [17 C.P.R. § 275.206(4)-8].
III.
An Order directing the Defendants, their agents, banks, debtors, bailees, servants,
employees, and attorneys-in-fact, and those persons in active concert or participation with the
Defendants who receive actual notice of said Order by personal service, facsimile, or otherwise,
and each of them, to hold and retain within their control, and otherwise prevent any withdrawal,
transfer, pledge, encumbrance, assignment, dissipation, concealment, or other disposal of any of
the Defendants’ assets, funds or other properties of any kind wherever situated, and assets over
which said Defendants have control by signatory authority or otherwise.
IV.
An Order restraining and enjoining Greenwood, his agents, banks, debtors, bailees,
servants, employees, and attorneys-in-fact, and those persons in active concert or participation
with him, and any other persons or entities, including, but not limited to, persons or entities who
hold a security interest in the property identified below, who receive actual notice of said Order
by personal service, facsimile, or otherwise, and each of them, from taking any action to transfer,
pledge, seize, sell, foreclose, encumber, assign, dissipate, conceal or otherwise taking any action
whatsoever that would impact or impair the value of the residence located at 16 Wheeler Road,
North Salem, NY 10560.
v.
An Order restraining and enjoining Walsh, his agents, banks, debtors, bailees, servants,
employees, and attorneys-in-fact, and those persons in active concert or participation with him,
and any other persons or entities, including, but not limited to, persons or entities who hold a
security interest in the property identified below, who receive actual notice of said Order by
personal service, facsimile, or otherwise, and each of them, from taking any action to transfer,
pledge, seize, sell, foreclose, encumber, assign, dissipate, conceal or otherwise taking any action
whatsoever that would impact or impair the value of the residence located at 7 HalfMoon Lane,
Sands Point, NY 11050.
VI.
An Order directing Relief Defendants R. Greenwood and J. Walsh, their agents, banks,
debtors, bailees, servants, employees, and attorneys-in-fact, and those persons in active concert
or participation with them who receive actual notice of said Order by personal service, facsimile,
or otherwise, and each of them, to hold and retain within their control, and otherwise prevent any
withdrawal, transfer, pledge, encumbrance, assignment, dissipation, concealment, or other
disposal of any assets or funds, including the assets and funds in the Manufactures Traders Trust
Account held in the name of R. Greenwood, and the Bank of America, N.A. account held in the
name of J. Walsh.
VII.
An Order directing each of the Defendants and each Relief Defendant to file with this
Court and serve upon the Commission, within three (3) business days, or within such extension
oftime as the Commission staff agrees to, a verified written accounting, signed by each
Defendant under penalty of perjury, setting forth:
( 1) All assets, liabilities and property currently held directly or indirectly by or for the
benefit of such Defendant and Relief Defendant, including, but not limited to,
bank accounts, brokerage accounts, investments, business interests, loans, lines of
credit, and real and personal property wherever situated, describing each asset and
liability, its current location and amount;
(2) All money, property, assets, and other income received by such Defendant and
Relief Defendant, or for their direct or indirect benefit, in or at any time from
March 1, 1996 to the date of the accounting, describing the source, amount,
disposition and current location of each of the items listed;
(3) All assets, funds, securities, real or personal property of customers of such
Defendant transferred to or for the benefit of such Defendant and Relief
Defendant in or at any time from March 1, 1996 to the date of the accounting, and
the disposition by such Defendant and Relief Defendant of such assets, funds,
securities, real or personal property;
(4) All money, property, assets and other income transferred from such Defendant
and Relief Defendant, including transfers to any bank account, brokerage account
or other account, or to any individual, or entity, in or at any time from March 1,
1996, to the date ofthe accounting; and
(5) The names and last known addresses of all bailees, debtors, and other persons and
entities which are currently holding the assets, funds or property of such
Defendant and Relief Defendant.
VIII.
An Order appointing a receiver for WGTI, WGTC and Westridge, for the benefit of
investors, to take control of the business operations ofWGTI, WGTC and Westridge and to
marshal, conserve, protect, and hold funds and assets obtained by the Defendants and the Relief
Defendants and their agents, and others involved in the misconduct alleged herein, wherever
such assets may be found, or, with the approval of the Court, dispose of any wasting asset in
accordance with the application and proposed order provided herewith.
IX.
An Order permitting expedited discovery.
X.
An Order enjoining and restraining each of the Defendants and the Relief Defendants,
and any person or entity acting at their direction or on their behalf, from destroying, altering,
concealing, or otherwise interfering with the access of the Commission to relevant documents,
books and records.
XI.
An Order enjoining and restraining each of the Defendants, and their agents, employees,
attorneys, or other professionals, anyone acting in concert with them, and any third party from
filing a bankruptcy proceeding on behalf of the Defendants without at least 3 days notice to the
Plaintiff and approval of this Court.
XII.
A Final Judgment ordering each of the Defendants and the Relief Defendants to disgorge
their ill-gotten gains, plus prejudgment interest.
XIII.
A Final Judgment ordering the Defendants to pay civil money penalties pursuant to
Section 20(d) ofthe Securities Act [15 U.S.C. § 77t(d)], Section 21(d)(3) ofthe Exchange Act
[15 U.S.C. § 78u(d)(3)], and as to Westridge, Greenwood and Walsh pursuant to Section 209(
ofthe Advisers Act [15 U.S.C. § 80b-9(e)].
XIV.
Such other and further relief as to this Court deems just and proper.
Dated: New York, New York
February 25, 2009

 

View Complaint

Robin Greenwood Answer   (North Carolina hunter/jumper pony trainer / owner at Grand Center Inc.)

Judgment as to Paul Greenwood

 


Paul Greenwood Criminal Indictment

Pleaded guilty in 2010 to charges including securities fraud

 

December 2014

Sentenced to 10 years prison for securities fraud

Forfeit $83.5 million

Restitution to victims

 

 

Appealed

January 2016

10-year sentence vacated – judge ordered re-sentencing

Resentencing
June 29, 2016
5-year prison term